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Minimizing Defects in Submerged Arc Welding

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Minimizing Defects in Submerged Arc Welding

fully dealing with submerged arc welding defects. Fig. 2 — Porosity is most commonly caused by the presence of moisture in the weld. Fig. 3 — Undercut generally occurs when the amount of wire deposited is not great enough to fill the gaps in the material

http://files.aws.org/wj/2009/09/wj200909/wj0909-78.pdf

Date added: February 20, 2012 - Views: 65

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DEFECTS IN WELDING - HCMUT - Project Management System

DEFECTS IN WELDING cont. Porosity: Definition: A hole or cavity found internally or externally in the weld. Porosity can originate from wet electrodes, electrode flux

http://www4.hcmut.edu.vn/~dantn/course/Pdf/defects-Ed.pdf

Date added: August 25, 2013 - Views: 5

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WELDING DEFECTS

WELDING DEFECTS LACK OF FUSION Lack of fusion, also called cold lapping or cold shuts, occurs when there is no fusion between the weld metal and

http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/22687970/1840133808/name/Welding+Defect.pdf

Date added: November 27, 2013 - Views: 4

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Formation and Distribution of Porosity in Al-Si Welds

Nevertheless, welding can generate defects, such as porosity or hot cracking, which could limit its development. ... welding, porosity content could be decreased by the addition of SiCl4 in shielding gas. Laser Hybrid welding process

http://www.wpi.edu/Pubs/ETD/Available/etd-050806-132406/unrestricted/Legait.pdf

Date added: December 28, 2011 - Views: 13

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Structural Steel Welding - American Welding Society

Arc welding defects: Most welds contain defects (porosity, cracks, slag inclusions, etc.). The question is to determine if they are significant considering the application. Typically, the applicable codes or standards specify the maximum allowable limits of these

http://www.aws.org/files/199/622219/welding_procedure.pdf

Date added: November 12, 2013 - Views: 1

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Welding Defects, Causes & Correction - ASPEC Engineering

Welding defects can greatly affect weld performance and longevity. Having an understanding of the various defects, their causes and remedies can help to ensure higher-quality and ... Porosity is a collective name describing cavities or pores

http://www.aspec.com.au/uploads/1/6/3/0/16304516/welding_defects_causes__correction.pdf

Date added: May 9, 2013 - Views: 40

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Effects of Porosity on High Strength Aluminum 7039

aluminum welding is porosity. Engi­ neering evaluation of porosity in weld joints has been a serious prob­ lem since the beginning of aluminum fusion welding technology. Weld defects such as porosity have grown more and more important as

http://www.aws.org/wj/supplement/WJ_1970_07_s311.pdf

Date added: June 24, 2013 - Views: 6

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Avoiding Defects in Stainless Steel Welds

Discontinuities and Defects Welding on stainless steels can produce the typical weld discontinuities or defects, including the following: † Cracks ... • Porosity • Weld spatter • Arc strikes • Rough weld ripples Fig. 9 — Irregular weld penetration in

http://files.aws.org/wj/2007/05/wj200705/wj0507-56.pdf

Date added: February 9, 2012 - Views: 242

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Shielding gas. Gases for all types of stainless steel.

used for TIG welding stainless steel than for steel, but not all gas mixtures are suitable for all material types, ... By making it easier for the welder to use, it reduces the risk of welding defects such as porosity and fusion problems. With high value raw

http://www.linde-gas.com/internet.global.lindegas.global/en/images/Shielding_gases_for_stainless_steel_60785_1217_82204.pdf

Date added: May 11, 2013 - Views: 4

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Common Weld Defects - Causes and Cures - Qualimet

Porosity cannot be repaired by welding overtop of the problem. Grind out to remove the porosity, then re-weld. Other Weld Defects Other defects include cracks, craters, inclusions, and physical damage (arc strikes, slag inclusions, and

http://www.qualimet.ca/pdfs/Common%20Weld%20Defects%20-%20Causes%20and%20Cures.pdf

Date added: January 16, 2014 - Views: 3

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New Welding Process, J-SolutionTM Galvanized Steel in the ...

In the automotive industry, galvanized steel sheets have been applied for quality improvement. However, the porosity defects generated during welding and increased

http://www.kobelco.co.jp/english/ktr/pdf/ktr_32/016-023.pdf

Date added: January 19, 2014 - Views: 2

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PULSED LASER WELDING - Welding Consultant and Welding ...

vs. keyhole), residual stress, and related defects such as porosity and cracks. KEYWORDS: Pulsed Laser Welding, coupling, fusion, cooling rate, residual stress, cracks ... Laser welding is a non-contact autogenous welding process that is an excellent choice for

http://www.welding-consultant.com/PulsedLaserWelding.pdf

Date added: December 21, 2011 - Views: 24

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Common HF Welding Defects - Thermatool

Common HF Weld Defects There are many types and variations of HF welding defects and each one is known by many different names around the industry.

http://www.thermatool.com/information/papers/quality/COMMON-HF-WELDING-DEFECTS.pdf

Date added: December 11, 2011 - Views: 162

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Weld Defects and How to Avoid Them - Welders Universe

Weld Defects and How to Avoid Them Needless to say, such grisly possibilities keep ... used in most welding processes. Porosity is usually caused by one of the following: • The flow meter setting on the shielding gas tank is too high.

http://www.weldersuniverse.com/weld_defects.pdf

Date added: March 12, 2013 - Views: 23

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Porosity in Thermite Welds - publish.illinois.edu | A blog ...

What is Thermite Welding? ... – Pores are much more serious defects. 6 Porosity and fatigue strength. 7 Source of porosity in thermite welds • Dissolved gases in molten metal. ... Porosity cluster is often observed along centerline of weld. 5.

http://publish.illinois.edu/fracturegroup/files/2014/07/Chen-presentation.pdf

Date added: August 11, 2014 - Views: 1

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11 - Google Code

11.2 Defects in arc welding A list of weld defects and their causes is given in Table 11.1.Other defects ... Thus voids, porosity, slag, cracks and defects of Weld defects and quality control 211. 212 The welding of aluminium and its alloys Intensifying screens Anti-back-scatter backing

http://database-jurnalku.googlecode.com/files/Weld%20defects%20and%20quality%20control.pdf

Date added: October 17, 2012 - Views: 78

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Lecture 6 Weldability and defects in weldments

Weldability and defects in weldments Subjects of Interest •Reviews of weld design and weldability ... www.mig-welding.co.uk Porosity observed in aluminium welded specimen after fractured. Porosity Cracks Tapany Udomphol. Weldability

http://eng.sut.ac.th/metal/images/stories/pdf/06_%20Weldability%20and%20defects%20in%20weldments.pdf

Date added: May 18, 2012 - Views: 135

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TESTING AND INSPECTION OF - Gaziantep Üniversitesi

they quite often reveal the presence of defects ... expensive inspection method. The welding inspector can utilize inspection visual ... creater cracks, surface porosity, incomplete root penetration, undercut, underfill), warpage, base metal

http://www1.gantep.edu.tr/~oyilmaz/Lecture%20Notes/ME%20473/Testing%20and%20Inspection%20of%20welds.pdf

Date added: September 27, 2012 - Views: 52

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The ultrasonic wave interaction with porosity defects in ...

The ultrasonic wave interaction with porosity defects in welded rail head ... Although the aluminothermic welding technique is well proven, it is a critical safety component of the rail infrastructure. The consequences of a single failure could result in the derailment.

http://www.railect.com/publication/files/Vol_65_No_1_2010_02_Jasiuniene.pdf

Date added: October 18, 2012 - Views: 2

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WELDING DEFECTS Welding defects, causes and correction

WELDING DEFECTS Welding defects can greatly affect weld performance and longevity. ... unstable arc, arc gap too short and poor welding technique in general. Porosity can be minimized in many different ways – by the proper selection of electrodes and/or filler materials, improved

http://www.bulkhandling.com.au/pdfs/26-28.pdf/at_download/file

Date added: March 7, 2014 - Views: 1

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Porosity Formation and Prevention in Pulsed Laser Welding

Welding Porosity has been frequently observed in solidified, deep penetration pulsed laser welds. ... find methods to reduce or eliminate porosity defects. Over the years, some researchers have conducted experiments to investigate porosity formation in laser welding.

http://web.mst.edu/~tsai/publications/Zhou-JHT-2007-58.pdf

Date added: June 24, 2013 - Views: 4

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Structural Steel Welding - Schnitzhofer & Associates, LLC

Most welds contain defects (porosity, cracks, slag inclusions, etc.). The question is to determine if they are significant ... welding structural steels. Information about shielding gases is given along with the explanation of

http://www.schnitzhoferandassoc.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Structural-Steel-Welds.pdf

Date added: December 20, 2011 - Views: 245

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Defects/Repairs

Herringbone porosity Arc length too large Damaged electrode flux Moisture on parent material Welding current too low. Gas Cavities ... Parent Material Defects A welding inspector should also inspect the parent material for any visible defects Mechanical damage Lap

http://azizieh.persiangig.com/document/Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: July 8, 2012 - Views: 35

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Finite element modeling of the aluminothermic welding with ...

Finite element modeling of the aluminothermic welding with internal defects and experimental analysis I. Mouallif1, Z. Mouallif 2, A. Benali1, and F. Sidki1

http://www.matec-conferences.org/articles/matecconf/pdf/2012/01/matecconf_csndd2012_00002.pdf

Date added: August 3, 2013 - Views: 2

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Welding Defects & Prevention - xpawel.com

Welding Defects & Prevention Defects Causes Preventive Measure Fibrous Structures There are columnar structures present in the fractured part of weld metal, which

http://xpawel.com/pdfs/Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: December 31, 2012 - Views: 26

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Weld Defects-Their Causes and How to Correct Them

welding process, weld defects can occur. Most defects encountered in welding are due to an improper welding procedure. Once the causes are determined, ... Porosity is gas pores found in the solidified weld bead. As seen in Figure 10-4, these

http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/22687970/1987275152/name/Welding+defects.pdf

Date added: May 23, 2014 - Views: 1

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CT Inspection of Welding Seam for Half-Axles of Maneuverable ...

Welding seam defects, including porosity, inclusion and cracks, were observed by CT images, proving the effectiveness of CT inspection for welding seam half-axles of maneuverable aircraft’s stabilizers.

http://www.ndt.net/article/wcndt2012/papers/557_Qi_Rev1.pdf

Date added: October 12, 2012 - Views: 3

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Visual detection welding defects in dust perception and ...

Visual detection welding defects in dust perception and correction ... cause of porosity is contamination during welding. Porosity is an indicator that welding parameter, consumables, or joint fitup were not properly controlled for the welding

http://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=45103

Date added: August 13, 2013 - Views: 5

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Acoustic Signature Analysis for Welding Defects Formation in ...

Welding defects; porosity, misalignment and excessive melt-through, were simulated by preparing the samples in such the way that such defect would be created in design samples. Acoustic signal during actual arc welding was collected

http://www.ndt.net/article/apcndt2006/papers/84.pdf

Date added: October 25, 2012 - Views: 5

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Welding and Joining of Magnesium Alloys - InTech

Welding and Joining of Magnesium Alloys 471 50 μm 50 μm 100 μm a b c Fig. 1. Effect of cooling rate during solidification on microstructure of magnesium and

http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/12757/InTech-Welding_and_joining_of_magnesium_alloys.pdf

Date added: July 10, 2012 - Views: 14

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WLD 204 Non Destructive Testing I Visual Testing

NSF-ATE Project Advanced Materials Joining for Tomorrow’s Manufacturing Workforce ... Welding Defects 24-42 Visual Inspection ASME Procedure 43-63 Visual Inspection ... surface porosity, cracks open to the surface, bead contour, ...

http://spot.pcc.edu/welding/NDTWEB/visual_inspection.pdf

Date added: November 20, 2013 - Views: 2

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Welding and characterization of 5083 Aluminum Alloy

WELDING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF 5083 ALUMINUM ALLOY Maamar HAKEM1, S. LEBAILI 2, J. MIROUD , ... done without rotating the pipe) [2] "figure 1". Cracking and porosity are major concerns in welding Aluminium alloys. ... made on the welded joint to verify the welding defects did not reveal anything.

http://www.metal2014.com/files/proceedings/02/reports/11.pdf

Date added: October 14, 2013 - Views: 2

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Welding Pressure Pipeliners and Piping Systems

ally free of slag entrapment and porosity. These welds are best able to meet strict radiographic requirements for high pressure, high tem- ... The following are the guidelines to minimize welding defects related to surface contamination: • Moisture and condensation must always be removed prior to

http://www.lincolnelectric.com/assets/global/Products/Consumable_PipelinerConsumables-Pipeliner-PipelinerLH-D90/c2420.pdf

Date added: August 3, 2013 - Views: 7

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Field Welding Inspection Guide - Pages - Welcome to The Ohio ...

Field Welding Inspection Guide Assistance in interpretation of any specification or questions concerning field welding issues can be obtained from the Office of Materials Management, Structural Welding and

http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/ConstructionMgt/Materials/Miscellaneous/Field-Welding-Inspection-Guide.pdf

Date added: October 21, 2011 - Views: 344

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Shielding gas. Gases for welding carbon and low-alloy steels.

inter-run porosity when welding thicker materials. 06 Gases for carbon and low-alloy steels Thickness range (mm) Welding speed Spatter ontc olr Reduced slag island ... defects occurring. Welding speeds are high over a wide range of welding conditions,

http://www.linde-gas.com/internet.global.lindegas.global/en/images/Shielding_gases_for_carbon_and_low_alloy_steels%20_60848_1217_82203.pdf

Date added: August 13, 2013 - Views: 2

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Welding Discontinuities Cause & Prevention

Welding Discontinuities Cause & Prevention Porosity – Cavity- type discontinuity formed by gas entrapment during solidification Incomplete Joint Penetration – A joint root

http://awo.aws.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/aluminumconference/06AluminumWeldDiscontinuitiesCausesCures_TonyAnderson.pdf

Date added: September 25, 2014 - Views: 1

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WELDING PRACTICES FOR 2219 PRACTICES ALUMINUM AND INCONEL 718

WELDING PRACTICES FOR 2219 ALUMINUM AND INCONEL 718 MARSHALL ... porosity, residual stresses, start/stop defects, and stress corrosion cracking. Programs That Certified Usage: Saturn I, Saturn V, Space Shuttle External ... Defects Lack of Penetration or Fusion Lack of Fusion Microfissuring N/A ...

http://www.klabs.org/DEI/References/design_guidelines/design_series/1205msfc.pdf

Date added: February 11, 2012 - Views: 11

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Laser Weldability of High Nitrogen Austenitic Stainless Steel

•Laser welding of 21-6-9 with no defects is obtainable ... •High travel speeds cause porosity •No solidification cracking issues in current study •δ-Ferrite content can be varied with processing parameters and chemical composition

http://awo.aws.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/C-StephanTate-1.pdf

Date added: February 20, 2014 - Views: 1

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Chapter Weld Inspection and Repair - G-W

ness, welding process, and inspection criteria being used. Where tests are required out-of-perpendicular ... Porosity, wormhole Figure 18-32. The defects shown can occur in the interior of the weld. This sample chapter is for review purposes only.

http://www.g-w.com/pdf/sampchap/9781605257938_ch18.pdf

Date added: February 27, 2013 - Views: 20

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Welding Analysis

Welding Analysis Joining metals ... porosity, inclusions, and cracking. Any of these defects are potentially disastrous, and quality control serves to identify the defect, find the cause, and remedy the situation quickly and efficiently.

http://www.clemex.com/en/Applications/REPORTS/Welding-angles-and-penetration

Date added: June 28, 2012 - Views: 9

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Ladislav KOLAŘÍK, KOLAŘÍKOVÁ, KOVANDA, VONDROUŠ, ří ...

porosity. These defects need to be removed and welded again to be repaired. Such ... method and material properties, welding defects as solidification cracks and porosity can occur easily. In such case repair welding is necessary.

http://www.metal2014.com/files/proceedings/02/reports/493.pdf

Date added: September 12, 2013 - Views: 2

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Welding Defects and Distortion Weld Defects / Imperfections ...

Welding Defects and Distortion Weld Defects / Imperfections - Incomplete Root Fusion or Penetration The characteristic features and principal causes of incomplete root fusion are ... • porosity • inclusions • incorrect weld shape and size

http://www.twi.ir/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Job-knowledge-40.pdf

Date added: September 23, 2014 - Views: 1

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SECTION 20720 THERMITE RAIL WELDING - Caltrain

Chapter 4, Section 3.13, Specification for the Quality Assurance of Thermite Welding of Rail and Section 3.11, Specifications for Fabrication of Continuous ... Rail ends shall show no steel defects, dents, or porosity before welding.

http://www.caltrain.com/assets/_engineering/engineering-standards-2/Specs/Div20/20720.pdf

Date added: June 4, 2012 - Views: 51

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Aluminum GMAW Welding Guide - Igor Chudov

Welding Defects — Causes and Cures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-20 ... Porosity in aluminum welds is caused by bubbles of hydrogen gas which are trapped in the welds as it cools.

http://igor.chudov.com/manuals/Aluminum-Metallurgy-And-Welding.pdf

Date added: October 28, 2011 - Views: 81

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welding defects and their causes - Bing - Free PDF Downloads ...

Porosity is one of the first weld defects encountered by all welders in almost all processes. None seem to be exempt. Handbook - Weld Defects - ESAB ... Welding Defects And Their Causes Ppt - posted: 3 February 2014 6.37 - Information

http://pdfsdir.com/download/welding-defects-and-their-causes.pdf

Date added: April 23, 2014 - Views: 3

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Problems in Welding of High Strength Aluminium Alloys

2 Porosity is a common problem in welding of all types of aluminium alloys. Hot cracking and SCC may appear in welded joints of 7XXX series alloys but usually do not occur in 5XXX

http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/mwzhou/Papers/Zhou%201999%20-%20Welding%20of%20Al%20Alloys.pdf

Date added: February 26, 2013 - Views: 2

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9. Welding Defects

9. Welding Defects 109 A distinction of arising defects by their origin is shown in Figure 9.5. The development of the most important welding defects is explained in the following paragraphs.

http://mercury.kau.ac.kr/welding/Welding%20Technology%20II%20-%20Welding%20Metallurgy/Chapter%209%20-%20Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: February 20, 2012 - Views: 461

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FLAWS IN FRICTION STIR WELDS A J Leonard and S A Lockyer TWI ...

4th International Symposium on Friction Stir Welding, Park City, Utah, USA, 14-16 May 2003 ... porosity and hot cracking encountered in fusion welds. In addition, ... have been reported with regard to the occurrence of defects. However, it is inevitable that, as

http://research.vuse.vanderbilt.edu/vuwal/Paul/Paper/References/S02%20-%20P1%20-%20Leonard,%20Lockyer.pdf

Date added: May 2, 2012 - Views: 21

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Design of Weld Joints and Welding Errors [Uyumluluk Modu]

This will improve the quality of the weld joint by assuring complete penetration. ... Welding errors and failures: Porosity Porosity is the result of gas entrapment ... Cracks are perhaps the most serious of the defects that occur in the welds or weld

http://www1.gantep.edu.tr/~oyilmaz/Lecture%20Notes/ME%20473/Design%20of%20Weld%20Joints%20and%20Welding%20Errors.pdf

Date added: November 23, 2012 - Views: 8

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GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding)

Weld Defects 5. Welding Quality & Specifications GMAW, previously known as MIG welding, is one the most commonly ... undercutting, underfill, porosity, incomplete fusion, weld metal cracks, and heat-affected zone cracks) and present strategies to reduce de-

http://www.welding-consultant.com/GMAWTrainingBrochure

Date added: February 1, 2012 - Views: 11