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Minimizing Defects in Submerged Arc Welding

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Minimizing Defects in Submerged Arc Welding

fully dealing with submerged arc welding defects. Fig. 2 — Porosity is most commonly caused by the presence of moisture in the weld. Fig. 3 — Undercut generally occurs when the amount of wire deposited is not great enough to fill the gaps in the material

http://files.aws.org/wj/2009/09/wj200909/wj0909-78.pdf

Date added: February 20, 2012 - Views: 65

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WELDING DEFECTS

WELDING DEFECTS LACK OF FUSION Lack of fusion, also called cold lapping or cold shuts, occurs when there is no fusion between the weld metal and ... POROSITY Porosity is gas pores found in the solidified weld bead. As seen in Figure 10-4, ...

http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/22687970/1840133808/name/Welding+Defect.pdf

Date added: November 27, 2013 - Views: 4

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Formation and Distribution of Porosity in Al-Si Welds

Nevertheless, welding can generate defects, such as porosity or hot cracking, which could limit its development. ... welding, porosity content could be decreased by the addition of SiCl4 in shielding gas. Laser Hybrid welding process

http://www.wpi.edu/Pubs/ETD/Available/etd-050806-132406/unrestricted/Legait.pdf

Date added: December 28, 2011 - Views: 13

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DEFECTS IN WELDING - HCMUT - Project Management System

DEFECTS IN WELDING cont. Porosity: Definition: A hole or cavity found internally or externally in the weld. Porosity can originate from wet electrodes, electrode flux

http://www4.hcmut.edu.vn/~dantn/course/Pdf/defects-Ed.pdf

Date added: August 25, 2013 - Views: 5

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Welding Defects, Causes & Correction - ASPEC Engineering

Welding defects can greatly affect weld performance and longevity. Having an understanding of the various defects, their causes and remedies can help to ensure higher-quality and ... Porosity is a collective name describing cavities or pores

http://www.aspec.com.au/uploads/1/6/3/0/16304516/welding_defects_causes__correction.pdf

Date added: May 9, 2013 - Views: 40

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Shielding gas. Gases for all types of stainless steel.

By making it easier for the welder to use, it reduces the risk of welding defects such as porosity and fusion problems. With high value raw materials such as stainless steel, the scrapping or repairing of welding defects can be a significant cost and must be avoided.

http://www.linde-gas.com/internet.global.lindegas.global/en/images/Shielding_gases_for_stainless_steel_60785_1217_82204.pdf

Date added: May 11, 2013 - Views: 4

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Effects of Porosity on High Strength Aluminum 7039

aluminum welding is porosity. Engi­ neering evaluation of porosity in weld joints has been a serious prob­ lem since the beginning of aluminum fusion welding technology. Weld defects such as porosity have grown more and more important as

http://www.aws.org/wj/supplement/WJ_1970_07_s311.pdf

Date added: June 24, 2013 - Views: 6

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Effects of Porosity on Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Welds

Effects of Porosity on Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Welds increasing area fractions of porosify in a weld cross section reduces strength, and fine porosity—when present in sufficient

http://www.aws.org/wj/supplement/WJ_1970_07_s322.pdf

Date added: June 24, 2013 - Views: 3

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Avoiding Defects in Stainless Steel Welds

General Welding Discontinuities and Defects Welding on stainless steels can produce the typical weld discontinuities or defects, including the following: ... • Porosity • Weld spatter • Arc strikes • Rough weld ripples Fig. 9 — Irregular weld penetration in

http://files.aws.org/wj/2007/05/wj200705/wj0507-56.pdf

Date added: February 9, 2012 - Views: 236

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Weld Defects and How to Avoid Them - Welders Universe

Weld Defects and How to Avoid Them Needless to say, such grisly possibilities keep ... used in most welding processes. Porosity is usually caused by one of the following: • The flow meter setting on the shielding gas tank is too high.

http://www.weldersuniverse.com/weld_defects.pdf

Date added: March 12, 2013 - Views: 23

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Common Weld Defects - Causes and Cures - Qualimet

Porosity cannot be repaired by welding overtop of the problem. Grind out to remove the porosity, then re-weld. Other Weld Defects Other defects include cracks, craters, inclusions, and physical damage (arc strikes, slag inclusions, and

http://www.qualimet.ca/pdfs/Common%20Weld%20Defects%20-%20Causes%20and%20Cures.pdf

Date added: January 16, 2014 - Views: 3

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11 - Google Code

11.2 Defects in arc welding ... Thus voids, porosity, slag, cracks and defects of Weld defects and quality control 211. 212 The welding of aluminium and its alloys Intensifying screens Anti-back-scatter backing Film

http://database-jurnalku.googlecode.com/files/Weld%20defects%20and%20quality%20control.pdf

Date added: October 17, 2012 - Views: 78

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Lecture 6 Weldability and defects in weldments

Weldability and defects in weldments Subjects of Interest •Reviews of weld design and weldability ... www.mig-welding.co.uk Porosity observed in aluminium welded specimen after fractured. Porosity Cracks Tapany Udomphol. Weldability

http://eng.sut.ac.th/metal/images/stories/pdf/06_%20Weldability%20and%20defects%20in%20weldments.pdf

Date added: May 18, 2012 - Views: 135

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Welding Defects - پترو جوش پایا

Welding Defects 1. Introduction Common weld defects include: I. Lack of fusion ii. Lack of penetration or excess penetration iii. Porosity

http://petrojoosh.com/pdf/maghalat/2.pdf

Date added: June 3, 2014 - Views: 3

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New Welding Process, J-SolutionTM Galvanized Steel in the ...

In the automotive industry, galvanized steel sheets have been applied for quality improvement. However, the porosity defects generated during welding and increased

http://www.kobelco.co.jp/english/ktr/pdf/ktr_32/016-023.pdf

Date added: January 19, 2014 - Views: 2

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Common HF Welding Defects - Thermatool

Common HF Weld Defects There are many types and variations of HF welding defects and each one is known by many different names around the industry.

http://www.thermatool.com/information/papers/quality/COMMON-HF-WELDING-DEFECTS.pdf

Date added: December 11, 2011 - Views: 162

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WELDING DEFECTS Welding defects, causes and correction

WELDING DEFECTS Welding defects can greatly affect weld performance and longevity. ... or gouging out and re-welding. Porosity Porosity is a collective name describing cavities or pores caused by gas and non-metallic material entrapment in mol-

http://gulfjobs4indians.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/welding.pdf

Date added: May 25, 2014 - Views: 1

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PULSED LASER WELDING - Welding Consultant and Welding ...

girish@welding-consultant.com www.welding-consultant.com PULSED LASER WELDING Girish Kelkar, ... Porosity can also form due to gases released when contaminants are ... geometry defects that provide locations of high stress concentration that can start a crack.

http://www.welding-consultant.com/PulsedLaserWelding.pdf

Date added: December 21, 2011 - Views: 24

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Porosity Formation and Prevention in Pulsed Laser Welding

Welding Porosity has been frequently observed in solidified, deep penetration pulsed laser welds. ... find methods to reduce or eliminate porosity defects. Over the years, some researchers have conducted experiments to investigate porosity formation in laser welding.

http://web.mst.edu/~tsai/publications/Zhou-JHT-2007-58.pdf

Date added: June 24, 2013 - Views: 4

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Study Of Defects In Friction Stir Welded AA 5083 By ...

located and disoriented defects like crack, porosity etc. Certain variations in welding parameter generate the defects in the weld due to improper heat input. In this paper, the defects in FSW is studied by radiography, ...

http://www.ndt.net/article/nde-india2011/pdf/ext-pdf/1-VidyaJoshi.pdf

Date added: October 25, 2012 - Views: 13

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Finite element modeling of the aluminothermic welding with ...

Finite element modeling of the aluminothermic welding with internal defects and experimental analysis I. Mouallif1, Z. Mouallif 2, A. Benali1, and F. Sidki1

http://www.matec-conferences.org/articles/matecconf/pdf/2012/01/matecconf_csndd2012_00002.pdf

Date added: August 3, 2013 - Views: 2

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Weld Defects-Their Causes and How to Correct Them

Weld Defects-Their Causes and How to Correct Them With the correct welding conditions, techniques and material quality standards, the mig process will yield a very high quality weld deposit.

http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/22687970/1987275152/name/Welding+defects.pdf

Date added: May 23, 2014 - Views: 1

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The ultrasonic wave interaction with porosity defects in ...

The ultrasonic wave interaction with porosity defects in welded rail head ... Although the aluminothermic welding technique is well proven, it is a critical safety component of the rail infrastructure. The consequences of a single failure could result in the derailment.

http://www.railect.com/publication/files/Vol_65_No_1_2010_02_Jasiuniene.pdf

Date added: October 18, 2012 - Views: 2

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TESTING AND INSPECTION OF - Gaziantep Üniversitesi

creater cracks, surface porosity, incomplete root penetration, undercut, underfill), warpage, base metal defects etc. Dr. Oğuzhan Yılmaz Welding Technology. 12 Nondestructive testing (NDT)

http://www1.gantep.edu.tr/~oyilmaz/Lecture%20Notes/ME%20473/Testing%20and%20Inspection%20of%20welds.pdf

Date added: September 27, 2012 - Views: 52

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Structural Steel Welding - Schnitzhofer & Associates, LLC

Arc welding defects: Most welds contain defects (porosity, cracks, slag inclusions, etc.). The question is to determine if they are significant considering the application. Typically, the applicable codes or standards specify the maximum allowable limits of

http://www.schnitzhoferandassoc.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Structural-Steel-Welds.pdf

Date added: December 20, 2011 - Views: 243

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CT Inspection of Welding Seam for Half-Axles of Maneuverable ...

Welding seam defects, including porosity, inclusion and cracks, were observed by CT images, proving the effectiveness of CT inspection for welding seam half-axles of maneuverable aircraft’s stabilizers.

http://www.ndt.net/article/wcndt2012/papers/557_Qi_Rev1.pdf

Date added: October 12, 2012 - Views: 3

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Porosity in Thermite Welds - Fracture Control Program ...

Porosity in Thermite Welds ... FCP -2001. 2 What is Thermite Welding? • Thermite weld --A welding technique to utilize Aluminothermic reaction to join massive industrial components. ... – Pores are much more serious defects. 6 Porosity and fatigue strength. 7

http://fcp.mechse.uiuc.edu/media/pdfs/Chen%20presentation.pdf

Date added: May 26, 2013 - Views: 3

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Welding Defects & Prevention - xpawel.com

Welding Defects & Prevention Defects Causes Preventive Measure Fibrous Structures There are columnar structures present in the fractured part of weld metal, which

http://xpawel.com/pdfs/Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: December 31, 2012 - Views: 26

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Welding and Joining of Magnesium Alloys - InTech

welding of AM60B cast alloy revealed a significant increase in fusion-zone porosity for most of welding conditions (Zhao and DebRoy, 2001). The pre-existing pores, ... parameters and defects for electron beam welding of AZ-series of magnesium alloys, Vacuum, 82, 1177-1182

http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/12757/InTech-Welding_and_joining_of_magnesium_alloys.pdf

Date added: July 10, 2012 - Views: 12

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Defects/Repairs - PersianGIG

Herringbone porosity Arc length too large Damaged electrode flux Moisture on parent material Welding current too low. Gas Cavities ... Parent Material Defects A welding inspector should also inspect the parent material for any visible defects Mechanical damage Lap

http://azizieh.persiangig.com/document/Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: July 8, 2012 - Views: 33

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Field Welding Inspection Guide - Pages - Welcome to The Ohio ...

Field Welding Inspection Guide ... Hydrogen is one of the major causes for weld defects so care must be taken to ensure no ... Porosity: Porosity is a cavity in the weld that is formed by gas escaping from the molten weld metal during solidification.

http://www.dot.state.oh.us/Divisions/ConstructionMgt/Materials/Miscellaneous/Field-Welding-Inspection-Guide.pdf

Date added: October 21, 2011 - Views: 341

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Welding Pressure Pipeliners and Piping Systems

ally free of slag entrapment and porosity. These welds are best able to meet strict radiographic requirements for high pressure, high tem- ... The following are the guidelines to minimize welding defects related to surface contamination: • Moisture and condensation must always be removed prior to

http://www.lincolnelectric.com/assets/global/Products/Consumable_PipelinerConsumables-Pipeliner-PipelinerLH-D90/c2420.pdf

Date added: August 3, 2013 - Views: 7

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Weld Defects - PersianGIG

Surface Breaking Porosity. Cracking. Arc Strikes. Crater Pipe. Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - weld defects.paint [Compatibility Mode] Author: vvvv Created Date:

http://irwelding.persiangig.com/document/oube%20joosh/weld%20defects.pdf

Date added: June 11, 2012 - Views: 29

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Visual detection welding defects in dust perception and ...

Visual detection welding defects in dust perception and correction ... Porosity one of main defects where occurred by gas entrapment during solidification. This discontinuity formed is generally spherical and may be elongated. A common

http://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=45103

Date added: August 13, 2013 - Views: 5

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Welding and characterization of 5083 Aluminum Alloy

Cracking and porosity are major concerns in welding Aluminium alloys. To reduce the defects and to have good weldability, Argon as shield gas have used, which play an important role in reduction of generation of defects and protection of weld pool from oxidation (Aluminium

http://www.metal2014.com/files/proceedings/02/reports/11.pdf

Date added: October 14, 2013 - Views: 2

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Chapter Weld Inspection and Repair - Goodheart-Willcox

ness, welding process, and inspection criteria being used. Where tests are required out-of-perpendicular ... Porosity, wormhole Figure 18-32. The defects shown can occur in the interior of the weld. This sample chapter is for review purposes only.

http://www.g-w.com/pdf/sampchap/9781605257938_ch18.pdf

Date added: February 27, 2013 - Views: 20

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Welding Analysis

Welding is used in more and more industries, ... The most common weld defects include: lack of fusion, lack or excess of penetration, porosity, inclusions, and cracking. Any of these defects are potentially disastrous, and quality control serves to identify the defect,

http://www.clemex.com/en/Applications/REPORTS/Welding-angles-and-penetration

Date added: June 28, 2012 - Views: 9

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Welding Defects and Distortion Weld Defects / Imperfections ...

Welding Defects and Distortion Weld Defects / Imperfections - Incomplete ... • porosity • inclusions • incorrect weld shape and size The SS Schenectady, an all welded tanker, broke in two whilst lying in dock in 1943.

http://twi.ir/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Job-knowledge-40.pdf

Date added: April 2, 2013 - Views: 21

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Aluminum GMAW Welding Guide - Igor Chudov

welding. If not removed, excessive porosity will result. Sawing Both band and circular saws are commonly used to make weld preparations. ... Weld defects can also cause premature tensile failures. Observe the fracture face of the failed tensile sample.

http://igor.chudov.com/manuals/Aluminum-Metallurgy-And-Welding.pdf

Date added: October 28, 2011 - Views: 81

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WLD 204 Non Destructive Testing I Visual Testing

Welding Defects 24-42 Visual Inspection ASME Procedure 43-63 Visual Inspection Labs 64-66 Visual Inspection Examination Report Sheet 67 ... Improper fit-up undercut, surface porosity, cracks open to the surface, bead contour, and overlap are

http://spot.pcc.edu/welding/NDTWEB/visual_inspection.pdf

Date added: November 20, 2013 - Views: 2

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Design of Weld Joints and Welding Errors [Uyumluluk Modu]

Welding errors and failures: Porosity Porosity is the result of gas entrapment in the solidifying metal. Porosity can take many shapes on a ... Cracks are perhaps the most serious of the defects that occur in the welds or weld joints in weldments.

http://www1.gantep.edu.tr/~oyilmaz/Lecture%20Notes/ME%20473/Design%20of%20Weld%20Joints%20and%20Welding%20Errors.pdf

Date added: November 23, 2012 - Views: 5

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WELDING PRACTICES FOR 2219 PRACTICES ALUMINUM AND INCONEL 718

WELDING PRACTICES FOR 2219 ALUMINUM AND INCONEL 718 MARSHALL SPACE FLIGHT CENTER ... reduced weld defects, reduced weld repair costs, and reduced inspection costs. ... Most Prominent Potential Oxide and Tungsten Porosity, Undercut, ...

http://www.klabs.org/DEI/References/design_guidelines/design_series/1205msfc.pdf

Date added: February 11, 2012 - Views: 11

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FLAWS IN FRICTION STIR WELDS A J Leonard and S A Lockyer TWI ...

4th International Symposium on Friction Stir Welding, Park City, Utah, USA, 14-16 May 2003 ... porosity and hot cracking encountered in fusion welds. In addition, ... have been reported with regard to the occurrence of defects. However, it is inevitable that, as

http://research.vuse.vanderbilt.edu/vuwal/Paul/Paper/References/S02%20-%20P1%20-%20Leonard,%20Lockyer.pdf

Date added: May 2, 2012 - Views: 21

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SECTION 20720 THERMITE RAIL WELDING - Caltrain

Welding of Rail and Section 3.11, Specifications for Fabrication of Continuous Welded Rail, except as modified or amended by this Section. ... Rail ends shall show no steel defects, dents, or porosity before welding. D. Cut rail square using approved rail saws.

http://www.caltrain.com/assets/_engineering/engineering-standards-2/Specs/Div20/20720.pdf

Date added: June 4, 2012 - Views: 51

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9. Welding Defects

Welding Defects 108 Figures 9.1 to 9.4 give a rough survey about the classification of welding defects to DIN 8524. This ... porosity pore nest of pores line of pores worm hole in the unaffected base metal in the HAZ in fusion zone in weld metal in the unaffected

http://mercury.kau.ac.kr/welding/Welding%20Technology%20II%20-%20Welding%20Metallurgy/Chapter%209%20-%20Welding%20Defects.pdf

Date added: February 20, 2012 - Views: 460

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Defects Introduced into Metals During Fabrication and Service

purposes and unless they are adequately inspected for sub-surface porosity, defects that result in significantly reduced load bearing capacity and leak paths can enter ... book concentrates on the process of welding and details many of the defects associated with joining processes] E J Pohl ...

http://www.eolss.net/Sample-Chapters/C05/E6-36-04-01.pdf

Date added: April 29, 2012 - Views: 74

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Problems in Welding of High Strength Aluminium Alloys

2 Porosity is a common problem in welding of all types of aluminium alloys. Hot cracking and SCC may appear in welded joints of 7XXX series alloys but usually do not occur in 5XXX

http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/mwzhou/Papers/Zhou%201999%20-%20Welding%20of%20Al%20Alloys.pdf

Date added: February 26, 2013 - Views: 1

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Weld assessments and weld properties - :: สำนัก ...

•Can be used to detect defects on each pass in multi-pass welding after it has been deposited. •Parts may have to demagnetized after inspection. TapanyUdomphol. Radiographic examination Suranaree University of Technology Sep-Dec 2007 •Interior defects (porosity, cracks, voids) can be ...

http://eng.sut.ac.th/metal/images/stories/pdf/07_%20Weld%20porperties%20and%20assessment.pdf

Date added: November 6, 2012 - Views: 13

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SECTION 20710 FLASH BUTT RAIL WELDING - Caltrain

Rail ends shall be square and smooth, and shall show no steel defects, dents or porosity before welding. Caltrain Standard Specifications 20710-5 September 30, 2011 FLASH BUTT RAIL WELDING H. If more than 300 LF of rail is welded into CWR, destress the length so fabricated

http://www.caltrain.com/assets/_engineering/engineering-standards-2/Specs/Div20/20710.pdf

Date added: April 25, 2012 - Views: 63

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Resistance spot welding - at maximum speed

Defects in resistance welding - due to incorrect forge force The forge force which is produced between the welding electrodes should achieve the required ... leading to gross porosity Severe surface splashing. Title: rweldart2.ppp Author: net work

http://website.lineone.net/~diverse/literatu/rweldart.pdf

Date added: January 8, 2012 - Views: 32