Tools and the Organism : Technology and the Body in Ancient Greek and Roman Medicine

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Author(s): Colin Webster
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Year: 2023

Language: English

Notes on Translations, Names, Citations, and Editions
0.1 Technologies and the Consolidation of the Body
0.2 Teleology, Mechanism, Vitalism, and Technology
0.3 Analogies, Metaphors, and Models
0.4 Chapter Overview
1: Hippocrates and Technological Interfaces
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Corporeal Composition without Organs
1.2 Regimen and the Body
1.3 Hippocrates’s Nature of the Human
1.4 Medical Implements and Hippocrates’s Morb. 4/Genit./Nat. Pue.
1.5 Female Corporeality and Gynecological Technologies
1.6 Conclusion
2: The Origins of the Organism
2.0 Introduction
2.1 Empedocles’s Clepsydra and the Corporeal Interior
2.2 Physikoi on Corporeal Tools
2.3 Plato’s Timaeus and Competing Technological Heuristics
2.4 Respiration, the Clepsydra, and Irrigation Pipes of the Fifth Century BCE
2.5 Irrigation and Water Distribution Technologies
2.6 Conclusion
3: Aristotle and the Emergence of the Organism
3.0 Introduction
3.1 The Soul and the Organism
3.2 The Tools of the Heart
3.3 The Journey of the Blood
3.4 Automata and Animal Motion
3.5 Conclusion
4: The Rise of the Organism in the Hellenistic Period
4.0 Introduction
4.1 The Rise of Anatomy
4.2 Herophilus of Chalcedon and Dissection Practices
4.3 Herophilus’s Bellows
4.4 Erasistratus of Ceos and Pneumatic Pathologies
4.5 Conclusion
5: The Organism and Its Alternatives
5.0 Introduction
5.1 Post-Erasistratean Hellenistic Organa
5.2 The Empiricist Resistance
5.3 The Infrastructure of Roman Power
5.4 Asclepiades of Bithynia
5.5 Asclepiades and Aqueducts
5.6 Methodism and Organic Activites
5.7 Soranus and Female Corporeality in Methodism
5.8 Conclusion
6: Galen and the Technologies of the Vitalist Organism
6.0 Introduction
6.1 The Return of Anatomy
6.2 Galen of Pergamon and On the Function of the Parts
6.3 Technologies and the Natural Faculties
6.4 Vivisection and the Vitalist Body
6.5 Logical and Material Tools of the Lemmatized Body
6.6 The Material Technologies of Vitalism
6.7 Conclusion