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Title: **Analog**/**Digital** **Conversion** Author: Diane T. Rover Last modified by: Akhilesh Tyagi Created Date: 9/3/2002 9:10:46 AM Document presentation format

http://class.ece.iastate.edu/arun/Cpre381_Sp06/lectures/adc.ppt

Date added: **October 21, 2012** - Views: **99**

Analogue **to** **Digital** **Conversion** - MyWeb at WIT

... **analog** **to** **digital** **conversion** is similar but different. ... The complete **formula** is: ... Comparators, **Digital** **to** **Analog** Converters , Op Amps, Timers, Real-Time clock, AES encryption, Brown-Out Reset, Direct Memory Access, ...

http://myweb.wit.edu/johnsont/Classes/244/Analogue%20to%20Digital%20Conversion.pptx

Date added: **December 15, 2013** - Views: **4**

Sampling of **Analog** Signal - Amit Degada

**Digital** Coding of **Analog** Signal ... A/D **conversion** f(t) T fs(t) ... Diagram Sampling Impulse Sampling with increasing sampling time T Introduction Math Math, cont. Interpolation **Formula** Interpolation Under Sampling, ...

http://amitdegada.weebly.com/uploads/4/8/8/0/488033/digital_coding_of_analog_signal_ut1.ppt

Date added: **January 31, 2012** - Views: **69**

Slide 1

... Data and Signals 3.1 **Analog** and **Digital** 3.2 **Analog**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** 3.3 **Digital** Signals 3.4 Transmission Impairment 3.5 Data-rate Limits 3.6 Performance 3-6 PERFORMANCE One important issue in networking is the ... However, the Nyquist **formula** is more general than what we derived ...

http://www.cse.unr.edu/~mgunes/cpe400/cpe400f08/Lecture25.ppt

Date added: **May 16, 2012** - Views: **118**

PowerPoint Presentation

**Digital** **to** **Analog** **Conversion** **Digital** data needs **to** be carried on an **analog** signal. A carrier signal (frequency fc) ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1). Example 5.4 In data communications, ...

http://www.ics.uci.edu/%7Emagda/Courses/netsys270/ch5_1_v1.ppt

Date added: **November 12, 2011** - Views: **72**

Data Communication - Virtual University of Pakistan

... Bandwidth for ASK (Figure) Bandwidth requirements for ASK are calculated using the **formula** BW = (1+d ... Times New Roman Arial Wingdings eco DATA COMMUNICATION Recap of Lecture 16 Overview of Lecture 17 **Digital** **To** **Analog** **Conversion** **Digital** **To** **Analog** **Conversion** Variation ...

http://vulms.vu.edu.pk/Courses/CS601/Downloads/DC-Lec-17.ppt

Date added: **February 15, 2013** - Views: **236**

Binary **to** **Analog** **Conversion**. 1011. 1001. 1010. 0111. 1000. 0110. 0101. 0100. 0011. 0010. 0001. 0000. **Digital** Input Signal. **Analog** Output Signal. Each sample is converted from binary **to** **analog**, between 0 and Vref for Unipolar, or Vref and –Vref for Bipolar. What is a DAC? – Alexander Gurney.

http://www-old.me.gatech.edu/mechatronics_course/DAC_F10.pptx

Date added: **July 2, 2012** - Views: **24**

Linearity - University of Texas at Austin

7 - Data **Conversion**. **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion**. Lowpass filter hasstopband frequencyless than ½ . f. s. **to** reducealiasing due **to** sampling(enforce sampling theorem)

http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~bevans/courses/rtdsp/lectures/07_Interpolation/lecture7.pptx

Date added: **February 20, 2014** - Views: **6**

Slide 1

* Types of **digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** Bit rate is the number of bits per second. ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1). Example * We normally use full-duplex links with communication in both directions.

http://www.cse.unr.edu/~mgunes/cpe400/cpe400f08/Lecture27.ppt

Date added: **September 15, 2012** - Views: **23**

QEC - **Analog** Devices

... (**digital** complex down mix) ... * * **To** help the customer overcome some of the challenges of direct **conversion** receivers, **Analog** Devices has taken the lead in integrating DC and quadrature error correction into their high speed converters. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

http://www.analog.com/static/imported-files/seminars_webcasts/Dec2009_QEC_Webcast.ppt

Date added: **November 12, 2011** - Views: **26**

ch04.ppt - McGraw-Hill - The McGraw-Hill Companies

Note 4-2 **ANALOG**-**TO**-**DIGITAL** **CONVERSION** We have seen in Chapter 3 that a **digital** signal is superior **to** an **analog** signal. ... Solution We can use the **formula** **to** find the quantization. We have eight levels and 3 bits per sample, ...

http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0072967757/281735/ch04.ppt

Date added: **November 7, 2011** - Views: **45**

Comp 445 - Aiman Hanna

... bps The **formula** states that a higher BW and S/N ratio allow higher bit rate Hence, for the telephone system ... (Coder/Decoder) is needed in such cases D igital-**to**-**Analog**-**Conversion** Frequency Modulation (FM) Simple method of **digital** **to** **analog** **conversion**, Also known as ...

http://www.aimanhanna.com/concordia/coen445/Presentation3-Analog_and_Digital_Signals_www.ppt

Date added: **May 12, 2013** - Views: **5**

Slide 1

**Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion**. Read Floyd, Sections 12-3 **to** 12-5 (through page 707). Study Unit 7 e-Lesson. Do Lab #7. ... **Formula**. 4-bit DAC. 10-bit DAC. Number of bits. n. Number of output codes. 2n. Number of steps in the output. 2n−1. Percentage resolution. 1 / (2n−1)

http://people.sinclair.edu/nickreeder/eet252/PowerPoint/unit7.pptx

Date added: **May 13, 2012** - Views: **23**

... ADXL330 Transfer function: V = 1.5 + (0.3 * g) **Conversion** **formula** When the acceleration is 0 g V = 1.5 NADC = 2457 When the ... Filtering Light Temperature Acceleration Humidity Pressure etc. Resistance Capacitance Current Voltage etc. **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** (ADC ...

http://nslab.ee.ntu.edu.tw/courses/wsn-labs-fall-07/slides/Analog_And_Digital_Interfacing.ppt

Date added: **November 14, 2011** - Views: **92**

If the amplitude ripple peaks are about 0.4 MHz apart. Using the **formula** D = 492(VP/F ... RF Combining Transport MPEG Standard Adaptive Equalization RF Demodulation FEC Decoding **Digital** Decompression **Digital** **to** **Analog** **Conversion** **Analog** Receiver RF and or Laser Transportation ...

http://www.lighthousechapter.org/presentations/digitaltesting.ppt

Date added: **June 4, 2012** - Views: **39**

CSC 335 Data Communications and Networking I

(See Table 2.9) Any Limit on Bit Rate? The **formula** Bit rate = 2ƒ * n seems **to** imply that there is no upper bound for the data rate given the maximum frequency. Unfortunately, this is not true for ... it takes advantage of the fact that there is no **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion** at the ISP site.

http://www.cs.wcupa.edu/~yang/235ppt/lecture3.ppt

Date added: **October 23, 2011** - Views: **41**

Linearity - University of Texas at Austin

Using a **formula** x[n] = n2 – 5n + 3, for n 0 would give the samples {3, -1, -3, -3, -1, 3, ... Ts is the sampling period. Sampling Consider audio compact discs (CDs) **Analog**-**to**-**digital** (A/D) **conversion** consists of filtering, sampling, and quantization **Digital**-**to**-**analog** ...

http://users.ece.utexas.edu/~bevans/courses/ee313/lectures/06_Discrete_Time/lecture6.ppt

Date added: **July 21, 2013** - Views: **6**

Chapter 3 Data Transmission - Penn State Berks

... an electromagnetic signal can be either **analog** or **digital**: **Analog** signal: the ... **Conversion** of Voice Input into **Analog** Signal **Conversion** of PC Input **to** **Digital** Signal Data and Signals Usually use **digital** signals for ... data rate Shannon Capacity **Formula** ...

http://www.bk.psu.edu/faculty/nasereddin/ppu/p9.ppt

Date added: **November 28, 2013** - Views: **8**

Part 6 Data Encoding and Signal Modulation

... the process of **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion** allows more accurate transmission of data. ... 180º, and ‑90º (+270º). The signal can be represented by the following **formula**: Reducing Power and Bandwidth of AM Signals In DSBTC AM, the carrier frequency component carries no information.

http://www.cs.ucla.edu/classes/fall03/cs117/lecture3b.ppt

Date added: **November 22, 2011** - Views: **29**

204325: Data Communications and Computer Networks

... -**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Amplitude Shift Keying Frequency Shift Keying Phase Shift Keying Quadrature Amplitude Modulation **Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** Required **to** send **digital** data over a band-pass channel Also known as modulation Carrier Signals ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find ...

http://www.cpe.ku.ac.th/~cpj/204325/slides/05-Analog.ppt

Date added: **August 2, 2013** - Views: **68**

(H)DTV and the Broadband **Digital** Migration

... (w/ option of **digital** **to** **analog** **conversion**) ... Need mechanism (sharing **formula** or package bidding rules) **to** allocate cost of clearing broadcasters that encumber more than one overlay license Reduces free-rider problem ...

http://www.eecs.harvard.edu/~parkes/cs286r/spring04/lectures/DTV_Tokyo.11.07.03.v4.1.ppt

Date added: **October 8, 2011** - Views: **48**

Signals - DePaul University

... Sixth Edition * **Analog** vs. **Digital** Data and signals can be either **analog** or **digital** **Analog** is a continuous waveform, with examples such as ... Sixth Edition * Loss of Signal Strength **Formula** for decibel (dB): dB = 10 x log10 (P2 / P1) ...

http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/cwhite/Book/Slides%20Sixth%20Ed/Chapter%202.ppt

Date added: **January 28, 2012** - Views: **79**

Module 1.0: Introduction - KFUPM

**Digital** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** Different D/D encoding Cost Voltage level Number of levels ... (data compression) Shanon **formula** and ... Amplitude Modulation Frequency Modulation Structure of Telephone System Need for A/D and D/A conversions **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** ...

http://faculty.kfupm.edu.sa/ics/salah/082/ics343/slides/module_31.ppt

Date added: **October 26, 2012** - Views: **11**

PowerPoint Presentation

... and Crosstalk (Eb/N0) is a critically important number for **digital** comms Eb/N0 =(SNR)*(BW/R) ---- important **formula** ... processing done **to** compress signal **to** achieve similar signal quality with fewer bits --- called source coding **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** Once **analog** data ...

http://teal.gmu.edu/~hnguyen/TCOM552/Lectures/TCOM552-Lecture-3.ppt

Date added: **January 30, 2013** - Views: **7**

Scanners/Capture Devices - Cornell University

Set **conversion** requirements greater ... (marginal) Resolution key **to** text capture, e.g., dpi Bitonal QI **formula** for text DPI = 3QI/.039h ... attributes: size, detail, tone, and color Appreciate imaging factors affecting quality and cost Translate between **analog** and **digital** Equate ...

http://www.cs.cornell.edu/Courses/cs502/2002SP/lectures/lagoze%2004-09-02.ppt

Date added: **May 23, 2013** - Views: **8**

Wireless Communications and Networks - George Mason University

... and Crosstalk (Eb/Nsub 0) is a critically important number for **digital** comms Eb/Nsub0=(SNR)*(BW/R) ---- important **formula** ... processing done **to** compress signal **to** achieve similar signal quality with fewer bits --- called source coding **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** Once **analog** ...

http://teal.gmu.edu/ececourses/tcom552/fall05/Session3.ppt

Date added: **June 14, 2013** - Views: **15**

PowerPoint Presentation

McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2000 5.* 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r ...

http://www.free4ebook.com/15361_Modulation.ppt

Date added: **August 1, 2013** - Views: **7**

Slide 1

**Analog** – **Digital** **conversion** **Digital** signal; signal is a function of discrete numbers, F(N) **Analog** signal; signal is a function of continuous numbers, usually time, F(t) ... the Bethe Bloch **formula** Diapositiva 21 A clever example: ...

http://www.lnf.infn.it/edu/stagelnf/2013/scordo.ppt

Date added: **August 10, 2013** - Views: **4**

Intro **to** Remote Sensing - University of Texas at San Antonio

... (e.g., inaccurate **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion**). ... Kurtosis is computed using the **formula**: Measures of Distribution (Histogram) Asymmetry and Peak Sharpness In this example Kurtosis does not subtract 3.

http://www.utsa.edu/LRSG/Teaching/ES6973/Lecture/L3-sta.ppt

Date added: **May 21, 2012** - Views: **35**

PowerPoint Presentation

... 2000 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information in **digital** data. ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1).

http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/0072967757/281735/ch05.ppt

Date added: **July 7, 2014** - Views: **1**

Chapter 3 Data Transmission

... Signals Carrying **Analog** and **Digital** Data **Analog** Transmission **Analog** signal transmitted without regard **to** content May be **analog** or **digital** data Attenuated over ... Capacity **Formula** Consider data rate ... Binary **Digital** Data **Conversion** of PC Input **to** **Digital** Signal ...

http://www.rivier.edu/faculty/vriabov/CS553_ST7_Ch03-DataTransmission.ppt

Date added: **August 8, 2013** - Views: **6**

chapter 1

... **Digital** signals can tolerate noise The finer-grained the **analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion** is, ... 1 x 23 + 0 x 22 + 1 x 21 + 0 x 20 = 1 x 8 + 0 x 4 + 1 x 2 + 0 x 1 = 810 + 210 = 1010 General **formula** for converting an n-digit number from base B **to** decimal (Pi is the ith digit of ...

http://egr.spu.edu/bolding/EE1210/010-DigitalSystems.ppt

Date added: **October 6, 2011** - Views: **13**

Lecture - Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

... **Digital** Signals **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** (PCM) **Analog** Data, ... (Nyquist **formula**) Data Rate: C = capacity or data transfer rate in bps B = bandwidth (in hertz) M = number of possible signaling levels Modulation The process of encoding source data onto a carrier signal with frequency f.

http://www.buet.ac.bd/iict/iictcourses/ict6004/6004Week1.ppt

Date added: **October 11, 2011** - Views: **52**

**Digital**-**to**-**Analog** **Conversion** **To** get around this, nearly all DACs operate by holding the last value until another sample is received. ... Jitter requirements can be calculated using the following **formula**: where q is a number of ADC bits.

http://tsime.uz.ac.zw/claroline/backends/download.php/RElHSVRBTF9TSUdOQUxfUFJPQ0VTU0lOR18yLnBwdA%3D%3D?cidReq=EE412

Date added: **February 27, 2014** - Views: **3**

EET 159 PowerPoint Slides - Sinclair Community College

**Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion** ... **analog**-**to**-**digital** converter (ADC) **to** transform the **analog** values into **digital** binary values. The ADC periodically samples the **analog** signal, ... **Formula**. 4-bit ADC. 10-bit ADC. Number of bits. n. 4. Number of output codes. 2 n. 16.

http://people.sinclair.edu/nickreeder/eet2259/PowerPoint/unit12.pptx

Date added: **June 17, 2013** - Views: **12**

... Reconstruction **formula**: * Veton Këpuska * **Conversion** of Continuous Signals and Systems **to** Discrete Time Sin function: ... * Veton Këpuska * ADC: Time Quantization (Sampling) of **Analog** Signals **Analog**-**to**-**Digital** **Conversion**. Continuous Signal x(t).

http://my.fit.edu/~vkepuska/ece5525/Ch2-Discrete-Time%20Signal%20Processing%20Framework2.ppt

Date added: **May 2, 2013** - Views: **9**

Chapter 5 - Week 3 - DePaul University

... 2000 5.* 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate (with d = 1 and r = 1). (next slide) 5.* Example 5.3 ...

http://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/cwhite/TDC%20460/Analog%20Transmission.ppt

Date added: **October 7, 2011** - Views: **57**

Wireless Communications and Networks - The Computer Engineers ...

... for encoding **digital** data into a **digital** signal is less complex and less expensive than **digital**-**to**-**analog** equipment **Analog** data, **digital** signal **Conversion** permits use of modern **digital** transmission and switching equipment ... only much lower rates achieved **Formula** assumes white noise ...

http://sgar91.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/ch2_transmission-fundamentals.ppt

Date added: **June 2, 2012** - Views: **27**

Wireless Communications and Networks

... **digital** signal Equipment for encoding is less expensive than **digital**-**to**-**analog** equipment **Analog** data, **digital** signal **Conversion** permits ... Channel Capacity Concepts Related **to** Channel Capacity Nyquist Bandwidth Signal-**to**-Noise Ratio Shannon Capacity **Formula** Example of Nyquist and ...

http://www.unf.edu/~zprodano/CEN4533C/lect1.ppt

Date added: **October 13, 2011** - Views: **39**

PowerPoint Presentation

... 5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information in **digital** data. ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate ...

http://science.kennesaw.edu/~yshi5/2520/ch05.ppt

Date added: **June 8, 2013** - Views: **3**

PowerPoint Presentation

We calculate the number of bits from the **formula** Example 3.16 Each signal level is represented by 3 bits. ... We can install two converters **to** change the **digital** signal **to** **analog** and vice versa at the receiving end. The converter, ... we still cannot send the **digital** signal without **conversion**.

http://www.ics.uci.edu/~magda/Courses/netsys270/ch3_2_v1.ppt

Date added: **November 6, 2011** - Views: **11**

PowerPoint Presentation

5-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**ANALOG** **CONVERSION** **Digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** is the process of changing one of the characteristics of an **analog** signal based on the information in **digital** data. ... We can use the **formula** for bandwidth **to** find the bit rate ...

http://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/courses/Engineering/Communication/ch05.ppt

Date added: **October 17, 2012** - Views: **11**

Chapter 1. Introduction **to** Data Communications

... s number of symbols transmitted per second General **formula**: b = s x n where b = Data Rate (bits/second) s ... Bandwidth of a Voice Circuit Data Capacity of a Voice Circuit Data Compression in Modems 3.6 **Digital** Transmission of **Analog** Data **Analog** **to** **Digital** **Conversion** PAM ...

http://www.dwaynewhitten.com/info306/ch3-11e.ppt

Date added: **October 14, 2012** - Views: **14**

Chapter 3 Data Transmission - University of Bridgeport

... Voice Signal Spectrum Easily converted into electromagnetic signal for transmission **Conversion** of Voice Signal into **Analog** Signal **Conversion** of Binary Input **to** **Digital** Signal Data ... Data **Analog** OR **Digital** **Analog** ... Shannon Capacity **Formula** Consider data rate ...

http://www1bpt.bridgeport.edu/%7Esrizvi/03-DataTransmission.ppt

Date added: **May 4, 2013** - Views: **13**

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION BMCC 4743

... quite slow, not very accurate) Successive-approximations converter (quite fast – typical 12-bit completes a **conversion** in 10 – 25 ... used in **digital** voltmeter) Example **Formula** **to** estimate A/D ... of **analog** signal **Digital** information is transmitted and processed in ...

http://mochsafarudin.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/lecture7.ppt

Date added: **November 28, 2013** - Views: **3**

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION BMCC 4743

... 60 Hz power line voltage Example of **analog** signal **Digital** information is transmitted ... **digital** clock is stopped The count of the **digital** clock is the **digital** output of the A/D converter * Example * **Formula** **to** estimate A/D converter **digital** ... analogue output range and **conversion** ...

http://mochsafarudin.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/lecture6.ppt

Date added: **May 2, 2013** - Views: **16**

Board I/O - San Jose State University

**Analog**-**to**-**digital** **conversion** (ADC) and **digital**-**to**-**analog** **conversion** (DAC) are processes that allow microcontrollers **to** interact with **analog** signals. ... Calculate the period of the timer clock using the following **formula**: Tclock = 1/Ftimer where FTimer is the frequency of the clock used for the ...

http://www.engr.sjsu.edu/tnguyen/HOMEWORKS/TN%20EE138%20MISC.pptx

Date added: **December 1, 2013** - Views: **15**

Linearity

Using a **formula** x[n] = n2 – 5n + 3, for n 0 would give the samples {3, -1, -3, -3, -1, 3, ... Ts is the sampling period. Sampling Consider audio compact discs (CDs) **Analog**-**to**-**digital** (A/D) **conversion** consists of filtering, sampling, and quantization **Digital**-**to**-**analog** ...

http://web.ee.nchu.edu.tw/~shsu/linear/topic/lecture7.ppt

Date added: **July 7, 2014** - Views: **1**

PowerPoint Presentation

4.# 4-1 **DIGITAL**-**TO**-**DIGITAL** **CONVERSION** In this section, we ... Does this agree with the previous **formula** for Nmax? Solution ... four consecutive zeros with 000V or B00V depending on the number of nonzero pulses after the last substitution. 4-2 **ANALOG**-**TO**-**DIGITAL** **CONVERSION** We have seen in ...

http://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/courses/Engineering/Communication/ch04.ppt

Date added: **February 20, 2012** - Views: **30**

Multimedia Elements Sound, Animation, and Video

... Frame rate Image size Color depth **To** determine file size use the following **formula**: ... Sampling **To** include sound in a multimedia application, the sound waves must be converted from **analog** **to** **digital** form This **conversion** is called sampling ...

http://tcet.unt.edu/weblibrary/ppt/soundani.ppt

Date added: **November 11, 2012** - Views: **46**