parasitoid and pathogen 3) give one example of a predator, parasite, parasitoid and pathogen Skills: communication, observation, listening, analysis Supplies: chalkboard or large piece of paper for brainstorm activity of procedure 1 Predators, Parasites,
Parasitoid Biology 23 BIOLOGY AND HOST RELATIONSHIPS OF PARASITOIDS Notes I. Definitions of Parasitoid and Host A. Parasitoid: A parasitic insect that lives in or on and eventually kills a
_____Parasitoid interactions and biological control 111 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods In an attempt to resolve these potential dilemmas we use a conceptual discrete-time model
63. Macrocentrus iridescens Diachasma alloeus (a parasitoid of apple maggot larvae) Bracon tachypteri (a parasitoid of plum curculio larvae) 7 mm Macrocentrus iridescens is a
PARASITOID COMPLEX OF ZYGAENA FILIPENDULAE L. (LEPIDOPTERA: ZYGAENIDAE) 1029 Another eulophid parasitoid is Pediobius sp. Pediobius is a large genus containing almost 200 spe-
EENY-124 A Wasp Parasitoid, Diadegma insulare (Cresson) (Insecta: Hymenotera: Ichneumonidae)1 Andrei Sourakov and Everett Mitchell2 1. This document is EENY-124 one of a series of Featured Creatures from the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension
EENY181 Brown Citrus Aphid Parasitoid, Lipolexis scutellaris Mackauer (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae)1 Marjorie A. Hoy and Ru Nguyen2 1. This document is EENY-181 (IN338), one of the Featured Creatures series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, Cooperative Extension
parasitoid Parasitic Wasps: Larvae are parasitoids of other insects. parasitoid (Family Ichneu monidae) l. argest family of the Hymenoptera; parasitoids of other holometabolous insects (or spiders) parasitoid (Family Braconidae)
ﬁeld-collected aphid mummies, Prinsloo et al. (2002) conﬁrmed the establishment of A. hordei and deter-mined that this parasitoid had dispersed over a wide
Biological Control of Codling Moth: Parasitoid Releases in Walnuts, Apples, and Pears Janet Caprile, University of California Cooperative Extension, Contra Costa County, CA 94523
Ant-Parasitoid Interactions 1. Evolution of host specificity in parasitoids (mechanisms of host location and host defense). 2. Behavioral changes in host after parasitoid
INSECT PARASITOIDS Unlike a parasite (which usually do not kill their hosts) parasitoids usually kill their hosts. A parasitoid is an organism that spends a significant portion of its life history attached to
Parasitoid wasps may be confused with predatory, or free-living wasps. The look-alike wasps include yellow jackets (Vespidae), spider wasps (Pompilidae), and sphecid wasps (Sphecoidae). Parasitoids are non-stinging wasps, while the look-alike wasps do sting.
Using parasitoid wasps in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) against beetle and moth infestation, a critical evaluation Conclusion Using parasitoid wasps against insect pests show a large potential in IPM as the
UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT – Vol.VII - Parasitoid Wasps, Natural Enemies of Insects - A. Bone
Natura Montenegrina 7(3) 90 Only 4 primary parasitoid species from the total number of 27 parasitized more than one host species while 5 hyperparasitoid species from 13 ones parasitized two
2 Importance of parasitoids in population dynamics of their hosts Four Lines of Evidence 1. Mathematical models. Theoretical studies of host-parasitoid dynamics
Nymphs of the blue gum psyllid on baby blue gum foliage exude waxy secretions. Psyllaephagus pilosus, the tiny primary parasitoid of the blue gum psyllid, con-
107 Host-parasitoid with intraspecific competition at time . Using the concept of Hassell , we modify the model (2) by introducing the
Cotesia melanoscelus adult, a braconid gypsy moth parasitoid. (342) Photo: John Davidson Class Insecta, Insects Order Hymenoptera, Ants, bees, and wasps Hymenoptera means “membraneous wings.“ The hind wings are smaller than the front wings and have a row of tiny hooks, hamuli,
Lady beetle larva eating aphids. Tar spots on leaf 1. 2. caused by fungus. 3. Mistletoe on a tree during winter. 4. 5. 6.Wasp larvae emerg-7. 8.
Adv. Environ. Biol., 3(3): 239-243, 2009 241 Table 1: Species of stored product pests were collected in the study Pests Cereals Dry fruits & Nuts Legumes Processed food
The case (to date) for biological control of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, by a native parasitoid, Atanycolus hicoriae November 2008
parasitoid introductions have led to significant sustained control of the target pests, but the majority of introductions have failed to provide control of the pest (Greathead and Greathead, 1992) either because
Insects 2012, 3 1107 sites storage and packaging for release is simplified and irradiated sentinel-host eggs and larvae can be used to monitor parasitoid survival and dispersal [14,25,27±29].
Insect parasitoid composition on soybean..... 61 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Insect parasitoid composition of soybean key pests The insect and their natural enemies composition on any plant varies in time and space and is
836 Host-parasitoid systems Suppose the parasitoids are distributed among a large number of patches according to some specified (but, as yet, arbitrary) distribution; the number of parasitoids in any one
Differentiate between parasite and parasitoid 5. Define hyper, multiple & gregarious parasitoids 6. Explain why small is good Chicken body louse Chicken feather louse 2 UF JFB UF JFB Introduction
valuable food source for these wasps in the field. In the absence of floral nectar in the field, honey may be a good source of food for this parasitoid.
A species will only be a host if the parasitoid can defeat its defense. Cross section of two parasitoid eggs surrounded by blood cells. Black dots are melanized parasitoid eggs
parasitoid Q produced per attack by Q on juveniles of parasitoid P. Here we assume that juveniles of parasitoid P and Q mature out of the immature stage at rates m
708 Factors affecting parasitoid effectiveness sitoids were assessed by introducting the components in the model in a step-wise fashion. The factors
compared to the control treatment. The percentage reductions for the parasitoid treatment were 70%, 8%, and 20% for S. zeamais, T. castaneum, and C. ferrugineus, respectively.
Besides that, egg of the pest species induced specific chemical cues or pheromone that help in foraging behavior, which give direction to the parasitoid for determining and searching the
PARASITOID COMPLEX OF STEREONYCHUS FRAXINI (DE GEER) (COLEOPTERA, CURCULIONIDAE) IN SERBIA 735 The index of parasitism of our samples in which parasitoids were found ranged from 0.3% to 64.5 %.
February 2003 PARASITOID–HOST ASSOCIATIONS 299 pled as well. The small number of hosts from these feeding niches restrict testing of whether these feeding
1 an example of parasitoid foraging: torymus capite (huber; hymemoptera: torymidae [chalcidoidea]) attacking the goldenrod gall-midge asteromyia carbonifera (o. s.; diptera:
2 About parasitoids What is a parasitoid? A parasitoid is an insect that kills (parasitises) its host — usually another insect — in order to complete its lifecycle.
Parasitoid–host metapopulation dynamics: the causes and consequences of phenological asynchrony SASKYA VAN NOUHUYS and GUANGCHUN LEI* Department of Ecology and Systematics, Division of Population Biology, PO Box 65 (Viikinkaari 1), FIN-00014
Vol. 132, No. 3 The American Naturalist September 1988 PARASITOID COMPETITION AND THE DYNAMICS OF HOST-PARASITOID MODELS ANDREW D. TAYLOR*
lowest parasitoid diversity index among treatments followed by spinetoram. Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) was the sole leafminer species on peppers, and 19 parasitoid species were found associated with this leafminer. Application ...
Parasitoid sex allocation affects co-evolution of patch selection and stability in host–parasitoid systems Sebastian J. Schreiber, 1* Laurel R. Fox 2 and Wayne M. Getz 3
Whitefly-Parasitoid Interactions 211 December 2005 site systems, the parasitoid has often evolved unique mechanisms with specific targets to modify
SHORT COMMUNICATION Does parasitoid attack strategy influence host specificity? A test with New World braconids DAVID M. ALTHOFFDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, U.S.A.
228 X.-g. Wang, R.H. Messing / Biological Control 31 (2004) 227–236 establishment of several braconids such as the egg–pupal parasitoid, Fopius arisanus (Sonan), has resulted in sig-
28 Oct 2003 0:39 AR AR208-EN49-13.tex AR208-EN49-13.sgm LaTeX2e(2002/01/18) P1: GCE ENDOCRINE HOST-PARASITOID INTERACTION 303 to be triggered by the PDV/venom of the parasitoid.
Assessing non-target effects and host feeding of the exotic parasitoid Apanteles taragamae, a potential biological control agent of the cowpea pod borer Maruca vitrata
Short Communication Discovery of an egg parasitoid of Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) an invasive species in South Korea Il-Kwon Kim1, Sang-Hyun Koh, Jung-Su Lee, Won Il Choi⁎, Sang-Chul Shin
Parasitoid Response to Concentration of Herbivore Food Plants: Finding and Leaving Plants Author(s): William Sheehan and A. M. Shelton Reviewed work(s):
sitism (the parasitoid larva lives in a sac partially embedded in the active host) have developed (9). The details of the effects of the parasitoid on its host are not well understood in many aculeates, with the exception of some of the more