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Quantities and units for use in radiation protection.

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Quantities and units for use in radiation protection.

ICRU Report 33 was published, a number of discussions have taken place, especially in the field of quantities for use in radiation protection measurements. The results of these discussions have been published in ICRU Reports 39

http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/9130/1/9130.pdf

Date added: May 16, 2013 - Views: 37

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Conversion to SI units radiology in

Report 33, (ICRU Publications, Box 30165, Washington DC, USA.) (ii) Definitive reference on radiation units Le Systeme International d'Unites (SI). Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sevres, France; translated into English as The International System of Units (SI),

http://www.birpublications.org/doi/pdf/10.1259/0007-1285-54-641-380

Date added: September 10, 2014 - Views: 1

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A simple Dosage Calculation Example - Department of Physics ...

• 1925: ICRU (international commission on radiological units and measurements • 1928: ICR formed an “International X-ray and Radium Committee,” which was ... ICRU Report 33 (1980) chose the SI units for the absorbed dose. The

http://physics.indiana.edu/~shylee/p672/Radiation_dosimetry.pdf

Date added: August 24, 2013 - Views: 8

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TO DOSE DETERMINATIONS A. Definition of Terms

ICRU Report 33, Radiation Quantities and Units, Publications, Bethesda, MD (1980). ICRU Report 31, Average Energy Required to Produce an Ion Pair, Publications, Bethesda, MD (1979). ICRU Report 25, Conceptual Basis for the Determination of Dose Equivalent, ICRU ...

http://www.nukeworker.com/study/hp/moe/moe_section_4.pdf

Date added: June 2, 2012 - Views: 15

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Operational quantities adieu Reply to 'Health risks ...

Prot. 33 (2013) 243–246 doi:10.1088/0952-4746/33/1/L01 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR ... ICRU 1988 Determination of dose equivalent from external radiation sources—Part 2 ICRU Report 43 [5] ICRU 1992 Measurement of dose equivalent from external photon and electron radiations ICRU Report 47 [6] ...

http://iopscience.iop.org/0952-4746/33/1/L01/pdf/0952-4746_33_1_L01.pdf

Date added: January 5, 2014 - Views: 7

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The British Journal of Radiology

Table I, derived from ICRU Report 33, provides the numerical relationships between the old and new units for the principal quantities in general use. It will be noted that both the quantities absorbed dose and kerma are included in Table I. For those

http://www.birpublications.org/doi/pdf/10.1259/0007-1285-54-641-377

Date added: September 10, 2014 - Views: 1

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Dosimetric Concepts and Calibration of Instruments - IRPA

ICRU Report 33 (ICRU: Washington) (1980) 3. ICRP. Conversion Coefficients for Use in Radiological Protection against External Radiation. ICRP Publication 74, Annals of the ICRP 26 (3-4) (1996) 4. ICRP. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection.

http://www.irpa.net/irpa10/pdf/E03.pdf

Date added: April 22, 2012 - Views: 29

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PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RADIATION THERAPY

AAPM REPORT No. 13 PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RADIATION THERAPY Published by the American Institute of Physics for the American Association of Physicists in Medicine

https://www.aapm.org/pubs/reports/rpt_13.pdf

Date added: August 12, 2013 - Views: 5

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OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY

oak ridge national laboratory operated by union carbide corporation for the u . s deparv of energy post office box x l oak ridge, tennessee 37830

https://rsicc.ornl.gov/Newsletters/news.80/news80.november.pdf

Date added: March 19, 2013 - Views: 3

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RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT GLOSSARY

ICRU Report 33 - Radiation Quantities and Units (1980) INFCE/PC/2/7 - Waste Management and Disposal - Report of Working Group 7, Appendix A - Glossary (January 1980) INFCE Working Group 7 - Draft Glossary (1979) NUSS (Nuclear Safety Standards) Programme Glossaries

http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/te_264_web.pdf

Date added: August 11, 2013 - Views: 9

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International Radiation Protection Association 11th ...

as specified in ICRU Report 33, which are generally used in radiation metrology and in radiation dosimetry in particular, and are defined without considering any specific aspect of radiation protection. IRPA 11 Refresher Course RC -3b 7 C. Wernli

http://www.irpa.net/members/54303/%7B03E2BB28-ACAB-4B40-8103-D4F66B0A3E83%7D/RC-3b%20External%20Dosimetry%20Operational%20Quantities%20and%20Their%20Measurement%20PPT.pdf

Date added: June 9, 2013 - Views: 15

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Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): Impact of ICRU 83

ICRU 83 . IJDas (2) /2013 ... Report dose @ isocenter IMRT represents ≈40% of the radiation ... IJDas (33) /2013 Inter- and Intra-Planner Variation One TPS system (Eclipse/Helios) Identical Machine (6 MV, Varian) Five institutions

http://www.medicaldosimetry.org/meetings/2013regionIII/dasimrt.pdf

Date added: June 8, 2014 - Views: 4

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For the course: Survey of Clinical Radiation Oncology

Radiation Oncology For the course: Survey of Clinical Radiation Oncology 2 ... ICRU Report #24 Clinically detectable dose: 7% (3) Acceptable level ±5% tolerance (2 &3) 6. 4 7 ... 33 QA of Cobalt-60 Units

http://www.utoledo.edu/med/depts/radther/pdf/QA_Rx_Equipment.pdf

Date added: May 6, 2013 - Views: 12

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Secondary standard dosimetry laboratories for the calibration ...

Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, ICRU, Report 33 [3]. The International System of Units, SI, ... This section describes the information that should be given in a calibration report for a field instrument. The report should include, ...

http://www.oiml.org/en/files/pdf_d/d021-e90.pdf

Date added: December 1, 2013 - Views: 2

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Absorbed Dose Equations. On the Derivation of a General ...

The absorbed dose is defined by the ICRU (Report No. 33, International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Washington, DC, ... 1. ICRU, Radiation Quantities and Units. Report No. 33, International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Washington, DC, 1980.

http://www.jstor.org/stable/3575556

Date added: May 3, 2013 - Views: 21

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RC-3b External Dosimetry: Operational Quantities and their ...

specified in ICRU Report 33 [3], which are generally used in radiation metrology and in radiation dosimetry in particular, and are defined without considering any specific aspect of radiation protection.

http://irpa11.irpa.net/pdfs/RC-3b.pdf

Date added: May 6, 2013 - Views: 4

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FUNDAMENTAL QUANTITIES AND UNITS FOR IONIZING RADIATION (Revised

Units, ICRU Report 33 (International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Bethesda, MD). ICRU (1984). International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements. Stopping Powers for Electrons and Positrons, ICRU Report 37

http://eclass.uoa.gr/modules/document/file.php/PHYS102/2011-04-ICRU_Report85a-QuantitiesUnits%28revised%29.pdf

Date added: September 10, 2014 - Views: 1

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The New ICRU/GEC ESTRO Report - AOIC

1 The New ICRU/GEC‐ESTRO Report in Clinical Practice Christian Kirisits, MSc, PhD;Richard Pötter, MD Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

http://www.aoic.net/elekta/elk1402archive/B104Kirisits.pdf

Date added: September 4, 2014 - Views: 1

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FRICKE GEL DOSIMETER TISSUE-EQUIVALENCE: A MONTE CARLO STUDY

These coefficients are defined in ICRU Report 33 (1980) and have been discussed in detail [5]. As a first approximation, compound and mixture mass attenuation values can be obtained by simple additivity, i.e ...

http://www.famaf.unc.edu.ar/~valente/articoli/BookAstr07_2Valente.pdf

Date added: September 10, 2014 - Views: 1

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OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY - Home page of RSICC ...

We have had a copy of ICRU Report 33, “Radiation Quantities and Units” for several months, but we did not notice what the KRU had done with the word . flu.~ until we read the book review of F. H. Attix in the July issue of &&h physics. He calls our ...

https://rsicc.ornl.gov/Newsletters/news.81/news81.august.pdf

Date added: March 26, 2013 - Views: 2

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Apractical guide to ionuization chamber'~' at the. AFRRi

This is Report 33 of the ICRU, and contains a concise exposition of the terminology, quantities, and units used in radiation dosimetry. It is a valuable ... ICRU Report 26. International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Washington, DC, 1977.

http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a155185.pdf

Date added: December 1, 2013 - Views: 3

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MEASUREMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR IONIZING RADIATION DOSIMETRY

33 International Atomic Energy Agency calibration laboratory (IAEA) may also disseminate ... 4 Definitions of dosimetric quantities can be found in ICRU Report 60 (ICRU, 1998), 5 but several useful definitions will be given here, ...

http://www.dosimetryresources.com/PDF/ICRU%20MQA.pdf

Date added: December 29, 2012 - Views: 15

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INTERNATIONAL ISO STANDARD 4037-2 - المنظمة ...

ICRU Report 33:1980, Radiation quantities and units. VIM, 1984, ... For the purposes of this part of ISO 4037, the definitions given in ICRU Report 33, in the International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (VIM) and the following definitions apply. 3.1 reference conditions

http://www.aidmo.org/smcacc/proj/index2.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=dd_download&fid=709&format=html&Itemid=0

Date added: April 24, 2013 - Views: 6

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2010 Annual Report - ICRP

ICRU Report 84 (prepared jointly with ICRP): Reference Data for the Validation ... ICRP Annual Report 2010 33 Organisations Providing Grants to ICRP in 2010 Commission of European Communities International Atomic Energy Agency

http://www.icrp.org/docs/ICRP%20Annual%20Report%202010.pdf

Date added: November 7, 2012 - Views: 10

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Brachytherapy Physics - AAPM: The American Association of ...

What is LDR (low dose rate) brachytherapy? Per ICRU report #38 LDR is in the range of 0.4 to 2.0 Gy/hr (thi nk DAYS) What is HDR ... Biol. 1999 Feb;44(2):323-33. Breast Brachytherapy Learning Objectives Breast Brachytherapy Review the current treatment options for

http://www.aapm.org/meetings/amos2/pdf/42-11873-3201-79.pdf

Date added: December 8, 2011 - Views: 69

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Therapeutic Use of Radiation - Geocities.ws

1 ICRU Report No 33. Radiation Quantities and Units. International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements. 7910 Woodmont Ave, Washington, DC, 1980. 2 ICRU Report No 51. Quantities and Units in Radiation Protection Dosimetry. International

http://www.geocities.ws/cbsaw2003/trp/01trp.pdf

Date added: May 6, 2013 - Views: 2

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WP-3-1 Report on methods of evaluating local skin dose in .

area product or the cumulative beam air kerma in 33 coronary angiography or PTCA procedures; there is a wide variation in the ... ICRU Report 60, International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Bethesda, MD. IPSM/NRPB/CoR, 1992. National protocol for patient dose ...

http://www.dimond3.org/WEB_DIMOND3/Reports/WP%203/1Report%20on%20methods.pdf

Date added: April 20, 2012 - Views: 10

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Implementation of microsource high dose rate (mHDR ...

can be used to perform remote controlled brachytherapy. The ICRU report #38 [3] categorised the dose rate, which is rather arbitrary as follows: ... [33] JOLLY, D.E., NAG, S., Technique for construction of dental molds for high-dose-rate

http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/te_1257_prn.pdf

Date added: May 28, 2012 - Views: 5

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2011-12 ANNUAL REPORT - University of Iowa

Details on ICRU can be found in a separate report. *** HONORS PROGRAM ADVISORY BODIES: Honors Steering Committee ... attained a 3.33 UI GPA and were automatically put in the Honors Program. Honors Program Annual Report – Page 9 of 29

http://honors.uiowa.edu/files/honors.uiowa.edu/files/2011-12%20ANNUAL%20REPORT.pdf

Date added: April 5, 2014 - Views: 1

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15 & Hammersteine et al.2)IC Table 1 5 Table 1 0.1 0.1 Table ...

ICRU-441) Hammerstein ICRU-441) Hammerstein Density (g/cm3) 1.02 1.04 0.95 0.93 H 10.6 10.2 11.2 Elemental composition as percentage weight 33.2 59.8 61.9 N 3.0 3.2 0.7 1.7 O 52.7 67.7 27.8 25.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 ... ICRU Report 44 Tissue Substitutes in Radiation Dosimetry and Measurement, ICRU ...

http://www2.ipu.ac.jp/houkoku/100-7.pdf

Date added: April 2, 2014 - Views: 1

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The UK primary standard calorimeter for photon-beam absorbed ...

The UK primary standard calorimeter for photon-beam absorbed dose measurement A R DuSautoy National Physical Laboratory ... according to the definition of absorbed dose given by the ICRU in Report 33 (1980): Dc D ER m: (1) For a dose of one gray, the energy absorbed ER raises the temperature of ...

http://dusautoy.awardspace.com/pubs/PhotonCalPap.pdf

Date added: June 4, 2012 - Views: 6

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What is ‘radiation quality’ ?

ICRU Report 40 (1986): The Quality Factor in Radiation Protection. ICRU Report ICRU 60 & 85 (1998 & 2011). Fundamental Quantities and Units for Ionizing Radiation. Try: But, what is “quality of the radiation”? ... 220 kV X-rays 38 % 33% Co γ ...

http://www.doremi-noe.net/pdf/DoReMi_Radiation_Quality_Workshop_2013/02%20What%20is%20radiation%20quality%20Goodhead.pdf

Date added: October 14, 2013 - Views: 6

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Dosimetric Quantities and Units - Nuclear Regulatory Commission

ICRU Report 60 (1998). Quantities and Units in Radiation Protection Dosimetry. ICRU Report 51 (1993). International Commission on Radiological ... 33 In other words, the absorbed dose to human tissue is approximately 1 rad if the exposure in air is 1 R.

http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1122/ML11229A688.pdf

Date added: April 9, 2013 - Views: 13

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Dose calculation algorithm for external neutron radiotherapy ...

several tissues compositions from ICRU-33 report. Corrections seem to be vital for fast neutron therapy (Table 1) while for low energy neutrons it’s not essential. Comparison of PB dose calculation with MC calculations was used to benchmark investigated

http://amos3.aapm.org/abstracts/pdf/68-18118-229345-87386.pdf

Date added: September 10, 2014 - Views: 1

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Cascaded systems analysis of noise and detectability in dual ...

Cascaded systems analysis of noise and detectability in dual-energy cone-beam CT Grace J. Gang Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205 and Institute of

http://istar.jhu.edu/pdf/Gang_MedPhys2012_CSA_DECBCT.pdf

Date added: July 5, 2014 - Views: 1

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Radiation units: Kerma, Dose and Exposure

ICRU (International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements) report 33, 1980 Amount of energy transferred (from photons) to secondary charged particles, per unit mass. K = DE tr / Dm units: J/kg, or Gray (Gy)

http://www.manuelqueisser.de/skripte/P432_4.pdf

Date added: August 11, 2013 - Views: 1

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NPL Dosimetry Progress report - BIPM: Bureau International ...

CCRI(I)/07-33 3 Calibration Services The current range of radiation dosimetry calibration services provided by NPL is summarised in Table 1, at the end of this report.

http://www.bipm.org/cc/CCRI(I)/Allowed/18/CCRI(I)07-33.pdf

Date added: May 6, 2013 - Views: 4

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Voorbeeld Preview

ICRU Report 33:1980, Radiation Quantities and Units. ICRU Report 60:1998, Fundamental Quantities and Units for Ionizing Radiation. ISO 8529-1: ...

http://www.nen.nl/pdfpreview/preview_58270.pdf

Date added: August 2, 2013 - Views: 1

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Director's report ionizing radiation department (2012)

Director’s Report on the Activity and Management . of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures . Supplement: Ionizing Radiation Department

http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/DIR2012/RI2012.pdf

Date added: May 27, 2013 - Views: 2

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Practice for dosimetry ingamma irradiation facilities for ...

ICRU Report 33 — Radiation Quantities and Units 4). 1) Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 12.02. 2) Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.01. 3) Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 15.07.

http://down.40777.cn/stardard/11/BS%20ISO%2015554-1999%20食品加工中γ射线辐射设备的辐射剂量测定的实施规程.pdf

Date added: December 17, 2013 - Views: 2

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Forward planned intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for ...

Forward planned intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for whole breast postoperative radiotherapy. Is it useful? ... (-5% to +7% of prescribed dose), according to ICRU Report 62 criteria.(33) However irregular shape of breast tissue did not allow for compliance with the minimum (95%)

http://www.jacmp.org/index.php/jacmp/article/download/3451/2182

Date added: August 12, 2013 - Views: 3

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RESEARCH Open Access A comparison of two systems of patient ...

immobilization system, the higher the reproducibility, ... ICRU; 1993. 33. ICRU Report 62: Prescribing, Recording, And Reporting Photon Beam Therapy. Bethesda, MD: International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements; 1999. 34.

http://www.ro-journal.com/content/pdf/1748-717X-9-29.pdf

Date added: February 21, 2014 - Views: 1

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Introduction Results Analysis

Oncol. Biol. Phys. 33(2):479-483, 1995. Superflab plastic bolus material. http://www.elimpex.com/products/radiation-therapy/flaps.pdf Ash, D, Bates, T. Report on the clinical effects of inadvertent radiation underdosage ... (ICRU), ICRU Report No. 24, 1976, Bethesda, Maryland.

http://astro2012.abstractsnet.com/handouts/011298_CARO2012_Electron_Sep10gs%5B1%5D.pdf

Date added: December 17, 2013 - Views: 4

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ANNUAL REPORT 2003

ANNUAL REPORT 2003 Objective The Nederlandse Commissie voor Stralingsdosimetrie ... The ICRU draft Report was not accepted in 2003, ... Interest savings-account 165,33 Capitalisation Belgian current-account 0,62

http://radiationdosimetry.org/files/documents/0000050/168-jaarverslag-2003.pdf

Date added: May 22, 2014 - Views: 1

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High-energy quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields: existing ...

Operational Dose Equivalent Quantities for Neutrons, ICRU Report 66 Journal of the ICRU 1 (3). International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, 2010, ... EURADOS Report 2013-02 33 Appendix B: Calibration of high-energy neutron fields

http://www.eurados.org/~/media/Files/Eurados/documents/EURADOSReport201302_complete.pdf

Date added: March 17, 2014 - Views: 8

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Small Field Dosimetry for IMRT and Radiosurgery - AAPM Chapter

Small Field Dosimetry for IMRT ... • ICRU Report Committee Thursday April 7 SEAAPM 2011 3. Background ... Thursday April 7 SEAAPM 2011 33 Field name CIMRT,6 MV measured CIMRT,6 MV calculated Difference Static #1 1.019 ±4.0% 0.950 6.8%

http://chapter.aapm.org/seaapm/meetings/2011/S4-T1-Suentjens-Small-Field-Dosimetry.pdf

Date added: May 10, 2012 - Views: 15

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Recent advances in dosimetry in reference conditions for ...

Hiraoka and Bichsel (for C). Data for protons and He from ICRU 49. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1.120 1.125 1.130 1.135 1.140 ...

http://nucleus.iaea.org/HHW/MedicalPhysics/IDOS/6a_Vatnitsky_INV010.pdf

Date added: October 12, 2013 - Views: 1

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5. Tissue equivalence correction for silicon microdosimeters

ICRU report 44 [32] states "Tissue substitutes are often mixtures formulated so that their radiation interaction properties rather than their atomic composition, match those of the body tissue to the degree necessary for the specific application".

http://www.uow.edu.au/~pbradley/PhDThesis/Chapter5-TissueEquivalence.pdf

Date added: May 15, 2013 - Views: 7

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Influence of phantom thickness and material on the ...

0031-9155/13/020247+14$33.00 © 2013 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine Printed in the UK & the USA 247. 248 H Benmakhlouf et al 1. Introduction Improved reference dosimetry of diagnostic x-ray beams, aimed at the determination of

http://people.su.se/~andre/_Compilation%20Publications%20pdf/2013%20Benmakhlouf%20Fransson%20Andreo_Phantom%20thck%20and%20material%20on%20backscatter%20x-rays_PMB.pdf

Date added: August 11, 2014 - Views: 1

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GSF MALE AND FEMALE ADULT VOXEL MODELS REPRESENTING ICRP ...

33 Sacrum 78 Skin, trunk 34 Sternum 79 Skin, arms 35 Brain 80 Skin, legs 36 Breast, adipose tissue 81 Spinal cord ... the densities given for these tissues in ICRU Report 46 [7], resulted in a mass of Golem's entire skeleton of 10.450 kg.

http://mathematicsandcomputation.cowhosting.net/MonteCarlo05/FullPapers/usr-zankl-1-paper.pdf

Date added: April 8, 2014 - Views: 1